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5 Axis Machining
Posted 2020.02.14 / PM06:12

5 axis machining

The term “5-axis” refers to the number of directions in which the cutting tool can move. On a 5-axis machining center, the cutting tool moves across the X, Y and Z linear axes as well as rotates on the A and B axes to approach the workpiece from any direction. 5-axis machining helps in the cost-effective manufacturing of sophisticated design.

The advantages of switching to 5-axis machining include:

  • Minimized Setup
  • Complex Designs
  • Rotational Accuracy
  • Faster Material Removal
  • Better Surface Finishes
  • Machine complex shapes in a single setup for increased productivity
  • Save time and money with less fixture preparation
  • Boost throughput and cash flow, while shortening lead times
  • Higher part accuracy because the workpiece does not move across multiple workstations
  • Ability to use shorter cutting tools for higher cutting speeds and less tool vibrations
  • Achieve superior surface finishes and overall better part quality


Simultaneous 5-axis technology raises the limits on the types of part geometries you can machine. By empowering you to produce highly complex components in a single setup, our 5-axis machines unbridle the imaginations of your engineers and redefine your overall capabilities. However, it should be possible to produce the same results whether using continuous or indexed 5-axis.


When it comes to creating 5-axis toolpaths, there is generally a trade-off between running at higher speeds and feeds and minimizing the risk of crashing. Fortunately, there are several software tools on the market today that can help eliminate that. High productivity is a benefit of 5-axis machining, but it also increases the risk of errors, such as using a broken tool or the wrong tool. One way to minimize these errors is to opt for a tool-detection system.


5 axis well know machine tool brands: Mazak, DMG Mori, Makino, Okuma, Haas, Mikron. Popular models: Chevalier UNi5X-400, Doosan DNM 350 /5AX, Haas UMC750ss, Haas UMC1000, Mazak VC-500A/5X, Okuma GENOS M460V-5AX, DMG DMU60, DMG DMU210.


Okuma 5 axis VMC 

Photo credit: Okema


5-axis HMC 

Photo credit: Makino


Gantry 5-axis machine

Photo credit: DMG Mori

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